There are a large number of controversial and confusing topics in musculoskeletal and sports medicine. Inaccurate knowledge can lead to non-ideal outcomes and poor dissemination of facts. Thus, it is paramount to be able to provide precise knowledge to patients, parents, coaches, and the entire sports medicine team when injury occurs. This session aims to present the latest research on confusing and at times controversial topics such as cortisone injections for osteoarthritis, when should we allow our children to start heading a soccer ball, when is it appropriate to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication before competition, do weighted ball throwing programs in pitchers lead to injury, and if a gait modification program should be a component of a return to run program after a running injury.